How to Treat Heat and Sun Stroke
The angry summer sun is unforgiving and makes most of us run to the hills. It’s hot outside and inside too. Sweltering summer days don’t just make the environment uncomfortable; they also tend to raise your body temperature. Sunstroke is a serious condition and should not be taken lightly. Sunstroke is a type of heatstroke caused by sun exposure; it happens if the body is exposed to hot temperatures for prolonged periods of time, causing body temperature to rise to 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. Heat stroke should not be confused with other heat disorders that are less severe. To understand heat stroke, it is necessary to define related heat disorders.
Heat exhaustion is usually a condition that is seen in older adults, especially those with high blood pressure. However, people who work in settings where the temperature is hot and those who do strenuous exercise in hot weather can also suffer from heat exhaustion. Heavy sweating, muscle cramps, weakness and dizziness are all symptoms of heat exhaustion. Some people also experience nausea and vomiting. Heat exhaustion that is not treated can lead to heat stroke.
There are two categories of heat stroke. Heat strokes may be caused by exertion. This type of heat stroke is generally experienced by younger persons who exercise, work or play sports for long periods of time under extreme heat conditions. This type of heat stroke is known as exertional heat stroke or (EHS).
The other type of heat stroke is non-exertional or (NEHS). Young children, older adults and those with chronic illness usually suffer this class of heat stroke. Non-exertional heat strokes occur in extremely hot weather or heat waves which may be unusual for an area. Both types of heat stroke can be deadly if not treated immediately.
Has the heat got to you? Before you pop any pills, try these natural remedies to beat the heat and feel better.
With water as its main constituent, this refreshing drink hydrates and cools down the body. It also contains probiotics, proteins, minerals, and vitamins that replenish the body’s requirements for these. Drink 1-2 glasses of buttermilk every day during summers.
- Onion Juice
This is one of the best remedies for treating a heat stroke. Lot of Ayurvedic practitioners suggest that this should be the first thing that you must reach out for. Applying onion juice behind the ears and on your chest, can help bring down your body temperature. For therapeutic purposes onion juice is more desirable, but you can roast some raw onions with cumin and honey and have it. Raw onions in chutneys or salads can also cool your system. The onion juice application is just once during the stroke, whereas you can drink the onion-honey mix twice a day for a few days after the sun stroke.
- Cold Water Bath
This treatment is recommended by specialists in the case of heat stroke due to exertion. The coolness of the water helps to lower the entire body temperature, which has shot up due to heat stroke. This is a first-aid remedy and can be used before the patient can be taken to the hospital for treatment. Do not use ice-cold water as this may drop your body temperature drastically and cause further complications.
- Tamarind Drink
Tamarind is rich in vitamins, minerals and electrolytes. Soak some tamarind in boiling water. Strain it and drink it with a pinch of sugar. This decoction lowers your body temperature. Tamarind juice also acts as a mild laxative and helps in treating stomach disorders.
- Coriander & Mint Water
Coriander & Mint is cooling for the body. It removes the excess heat and also gets rid of nausea and vomiting. Extract coriander & mint juice by blending the leaves with some water. Add some sugar to this and mix well. Cool it in the refrigerator for a few minutes and drink this. Drink a glass of this juice during the heat stroke.
Tips & Precautions for Heat Stroke
- Always cover your head with a scarf, a hat or an umbrella when stepping out in the Sun.
- Drink ample amount of water, especially during the summer months. Water will keep your body hydrated and its temperature cool. Carry around a water bottle!
- Drink lemonade or buttermilk to keep the excess body heat at bay.
- Wear loose-fitting and absorbent clothes during hot and humid weather conditions.
- Opt for light-coloured clothing during the hot summers as they absorb lesser heat.
- Do not exert yourself when outside in the Sun. Follow a simple schedule to maintain your energy and keep yourself hydrated during the outdoor workout or game.
- Sleep 6-8 hours every day and eat a balanced, healthy diet. This will ensure that your body is well rested and has the right amount of vitamins, minerals, and proteins for healthy functioning.